Severe Psychiatric Disorders in Indigenous Populations in Guatemala Project
In indigenous populations, severe psychiatric disorders often go untreated. To help provide mental health services to an indigenous population in Guatemala, PAHEF provided funding to a project based in Santiago Atitlan.
Areas of Focus
Prior research identified 31 people with severe non-affective psychosis in the community. This current project aimed to ensure appropriate treatment and close monitoring of these cases while taking into account ethnic and cultural factors.
By working with the Guatemalan Ministry of Health and a principle investigator from Brown University, a four-step action plan was created:
1.Clinical care: A psychiatrist offered therapeutic treatment for 14 known cases as well as discovered new cases and designed individual plans for psycho-social rehabilitation for patients suffering from psychosis. Upon request, the psychiatrist visited a local hospital and provided intervention consultations, evaluations, and monitoring.
2.Mental health promotion & education: People from the community who speak Tzutujil acted as facilitators by promoting lectures and discussions in community settings. To further promote mental health, they also visited patients’ homes and local schools. Additionally, new cases were identified.
3.Training: Sixty teachers from 15 schools were trained to address mental health issues in children.
4.Coordination and creation of the Community Mental Health Network: The group participated in a “community health network”, where a mental health group was conformed, promoting multisectorial work. A network was created to bring together different organizations working at the community level. The network includes Save the Children, Friendly Spaces, the Attorney’s Office of Human Rights, traditional leaders, and community institutions among others.
This project made formidable progress in providing mental health resources to indigenous people. One of the most remarkable accomplishments was the creation of a mental health team that combines clinical care with traditional community-based action. This combination provides promotion-prevention services, care, and rehabilitation.
The project was so successful that it has continued beyond the initial timeline with funding from the Guatemalan government and technical assistance from PAHO/WHO.